Jing Gu

Associate Professor, Inorganic Chemistry

office: EIS 210
phone: 619-594-6643
email: jgu@sdsu.edu
Gu photo

Gu Group Page

Curriculum Vitae

  • Assistant Professor, San Diego State University, 2016-present
  • Postdoctoral Fellow, National Renewable Energy Lab, 2013-2016
  • Postdoctoral Research Associate, Princeton University, 2011-2013
  • PhD, Tulane University, 2006-2011

Research Interests

The growing need for clean and renewable energy has motivated the development of deployable systems to harvest and store earth's abundant solar energy resources. One promising approach is to collect and store solar energy within chemical bonds by forming fuels such as hydrogen and alcohols (solar fuels). This approach is similar to that of the natural photosynthestic process and thus has been dubbed "artificial photosynthesis." An example of this process is by utilizing the semiconductor as both the light absorber as well as the catalyst to split water into H2 and O2. The ultimate goal of these efforts is to develop a standalone photoelectrochemical cell in which water reduction and oxidation reactions occur efficiently under photo induced bias (ideally 1 sun), precluding the introduction of external electricity. In order to achieve this goal, the integration of stable light absorbing materials and effective catalysts to enhance the interfacial kinetics and fundamental mechanistic understanding of this coupled water splitting system still necessitate further explorations. In my lab, the majority of research focuses on two areas of solar energy conversion described below.

Development of Light Absorber-Catalyst Artificial Photosynthesis Assembles

Semiconductor electrodes that have been modified by molecular catalysts have been investigated extensively with various polymeric backbone attachments. However, few studies have been focused on the direct attachment of molecular catalysts onto semiconductor surfaces. By carefully adjusting the energetics between semiconductor and molecular catalyst interface, the efficiency of energy extraction from the photogenerated electron-hole pairs can be optimized. Adding an active catalyst unit to the surface of semiconductor is a feasible strategy to both improve the stability and maintain catalytic activity of a photoelectrochemical device. In a previous study we showed that by using an atomic layer deposited TiO2 layer as well as an earth abundant molecular catalyst we were able to protect the GaInP2 surface.

Photocthode structure

Figure 1. Representation of a photocathode where the GaInP2 semiconductor has been coated with TiO2. This surface modifica­tion allows a cobaloxime molecular catalyst to be bonded to the semiconductor

In the natural photosynthetic process, chemical energy is generated by light conversion followed by proton and electron transfer events (or proton coupled electron process). This process typically begins with light being absorbed by a harvesting pigment. The energy generated by light absorption is then transferred through different chromophores via energy cascade and eventually reaches a reaction center. At the reaction center, the light energy is converted to chemical energy through a multi-electron, multi proton transfer reactions. The basis of artificial photosynthesis is to mimic the photosynthetic process using semiconductors and molecular catalyst assemblies. Through an improved understanding of the coupled electron and energy transfer process in design assemblies could provide significant information for the future design and implementation of industrial scale artificial photosynthesis systems.

Understanding the Electron and Energy Transfer Mechanism in Light Harvesting Systems
Photoreflectance mechanism

Figure 2. Schematic of the transient photoreflectance measurement. A pump pulse modulates the reflectance of a broadband pulse and creates free charge carriers within the depletion region of a semiconductor. The technique helps us understand the semiconductor and protection layer charge transfer kinetic.

Graduate students who work in my lab will receive an interdisciplinary training in inorganic chemistry (i.e. organometallic ligand and catalyst development, solid state chemistry), physical chemistry (i.e. nanosecond charge transfer and surface chemistry) and material science (i.e. surface characterization and material chemistry). State-of-the-art analytical techniques such as NMR spectroscopy, IR, fluorimetry, and ICP-MS will be used to shine light on the reaction mechanism. SEM, TEM and XPS will help us to monitor the morphology change for the material interface. In addition, the interactive nature of our research would provide us various collaborative opportunities between departments, schools and national labs, resulting in excellent learning opportunities for the graduate students. We always welcome graduate students and postdocs who are talented, determined and responsible to join our lab and together we will work towards finding alternative solutions to solve our energy crisis and environmental issues.

Recent Publications

  1. "Dynamic Evolution and Reversibility of Single-atom Ni(II) Active Site in 1T-MoS2 electrocatalysts for hydrogen evolution,"
    Pattengale, B; Huang, Y.; Yan, X.; Yang, S.; Younan, S. ; Hu, W.; Li, Z.; Lee, S.; Pan, X.; Gu, J.*; Huang, J.*,
    Nature. Commun. (in press) (2020). (doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-17904-z.)
  2. "Size-dependent Ni-based electrocatalysts for selective CO2 reduction,"
    Li, Z.; He, D.; Yan, X.; Dai, S.; Younan, S.; Ke, Z.; Pan, X.; Xiao, X.; Wu, H.*, Gu,J.*,
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2020). (doi: 10.1002/ange.202000318R1.)
  3. "Photo/Bio-Electrochemical Systems for Environmental Remediation and Energy Harvesting,"
    Fan Yang, Zunjian Ke, Zhida Li, Margaret Patrick, Zeinab Abboud, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Xiangheng Xiao, Jing Gu,
    Chem. Europe 13, 3391-3403 Review (2020). (10.1002/cssc.202000203.)
  4. "Polyoxometalate-Based Photoactive Hybrid: Uncover the First Crystal Structure of Covalently Linked Hexavanadate-Porphyrin Molecule,"
    Yingting Zhu, Yichao Huang, Qi Li, Dejin Zang, Jing Gu, Yajie Tang, and Yongge Wei,
    Inorg. Chem. 59, 2575-2583 (2020). (10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b03540.)
  5. "Tuning Internal Strain in Metal—Organic Frameworks via Vapor Phase Infiltration for CO2 Reduction,"
    Jing Gu, Fan Yang, Wenhui Hu, Chongqing Yang, Margaret Patrick, Andrew L. Cooksy, Jian Zhang, Jeffery A. Aguiar, Cheng-cheng Fang, Yinghua Zhou, Ying Shirley Meng, Jier Huang,
    Angew. Chem./Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 59/132, 4572-4580/4602-4610 (2020). (doi: 10.1002/anie.202000022.)
  6. "Quantifying inactive lithium in lithium metal batteries,"
    Chengcheng Fang, Jinxing Li, Minghao Zhang, Yihui Zhang, Fan Yang, Jungwoo Z. Lee, Min-Han Lee, Judith Alvarado, Marshall A. Schroeder, Yangyuchen Yang, Bingyu Lu, Nicholas Williams, Miguel Ceja, Li Yang, Mei Cai, Jing Gu, Kang Xu, Xuefeng Wang & Ying Shirley Meng,
    Nature 572, 511-515 (2019). (doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1481-z.)
  7. "Cleaving DNA-model phosphodiester with Lewis acid–base catalytic sites in bifunctional Zr–MOFs,"
    Ying-Hua Zhou, Zhiyan Zhang, Margaret Patrick, Fan Yang, Rangling Wei, Yong Cheng, and Jing Gu,
    Dalton Trans. 48, 8044-8048 (2019). (doi: 10.1039/C9DT00246D.)
  8. "Dual Protection Layer Strategy to Increase Photoelectrode–Catalyst Interfacial Stability: A Case Study on Black Silicon Photoelectrodes,"
    Fan Yang, Jeffery A. Aguiar, Michael Fairchild, Waltteri Vakki, Sabrina Younan, Yinghua Zhou, Linhai Zhuo, and Jing Gu,
    Adv. Mater. Interfaces 6, 1802085 (2019). (doi: 10.1002/admi.201802085.)
  9. "Atomically engineering activation sites onto metallic 1T-MoS2 catalysts for enhanced electrochemical hydrogen evolution,"
    Yichao Huang, Yuanhui Sun, Xueli Zheng, Toshihiro Aoki, Brian Pattengale, Jier Huang, Xin He, Wei Bian, Sabrina Younan, Nicholas Williams, Jun Hu, Jingxuan Ge, Ning Pu, Xingxu Yan, Xiaoqing Pan, Lijun Zhang, Yongge Wei, and Jing Gu,
    Nature Communications 10, 982 (2019). (doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-08877-9.)
  10. "Unbiased solar H2 production with current density up to 23 mA cm-2 by Swiss-cheese black Si coupled with wastewater bioanode,"
    Lu Lu, Waltteri Vakki, Jeffery A. Aguiar, Chuanxiao Xiao, Katherine Hurst, Michael Fairchild, Xi Chen, Fan Yang, Jing Gu, and Zhiyong Jason Ren,
    Energy Environ. Sci. 12, 1088-1099 (2019). (doi: 10.1039/C8EE03673J.)
  11. "rGO supported PdNi-CeO2 nanocomposite as an efficient catalyst for hydrogen evolution from the hydrolysis of NH3BH3,"
    Y.H. Zhang, Z.Y. Zhou., S.Q. Wang, N.B. Williams, Y. Cheng, S.Z. Luo, and J. Gu,
    Int. J. Hydro. Energy 43, 18745-18753 (2018). (doi:10.1016/j.ijhydene.2018.08.053.)
  12. "Fine Tuning Electronic Structure of Catalysts through Atomic Engineering for Enhanced Hydrogen Evolution,"
    Y.C. Huang, J. Hu, H. X. Xu, W. Bian, J. X. Ge, D. J. Zang, D. J. Cheng, Y. K. Lv, C. Zhang, J. Gu, Y.G. Wei,
    Adv. Energy. Mater. 8, 1800789 (2018). (doi:10.1002/aenm.201800789.)
  13. "Hollow NiCo Layered Double Hydroxide Supported Pd Catalysts for Superior Hydrogen Evolution Activity for Hydrolysis of Ammonia Borane,"
    Y.H. Zhou, S.Q. Wang, Z.Y. Zhang, Y. Cheng, J. Gu,
    Chem. Cat. Chem. 10, 3206-3213 (2018). (doi:10.1002/cctc.201800459.)
  14. "Microbial Photoelectrosynthesis for Self-Sustaining Hydrogen Generation,"
    Lu Lu, Nicholas B. Williams, John A. Turner, Pin-Ching Maness, Jing Gu, and Zhiyong Jason Ren,,
    Environmental Science & Technology 51, 13494-13501 (2017). (doi:10.1021/acs.est.7b03644.)
  15. "Self-optimizing, highly surface-active layered metal dichalcogenide catalysts for hydrogen evolution,"
    Yuanyue Liu, Jingjie Wu, Ken P. Hackenberg, Jing Zhang, Y. Morris Wang, Yingchao Yang, Kunttal Keyshar, Jing Gu, Tadashi Ogitsu, Robert Vajtai, Jun Lou, Pulickel M. Ajayan, Brandon C. Wood, and Boris I. Yakobson,,
    Nature Energy 2 (2017). (doi:10.1038/nenergy.2017.127.)
  16. "Design of Metastable Tin Titanium Nitride Semiconductor Alloys,"
    Andre Bikowski, Sebastian Siol, Jing Gu, Aaron Holder, John S. Mangum, Brian Gorman, William Tumas, Stephan Lany, and Andriy Zakutayev,,
    Chemistry of Materials 29, 6511-6517 (2017). (doi:10.1021/acs.chemmater.7b02122.)
  17. "Fe2PO5-Encapsulated Reverse Energetic ZnO/Fe2O3 Heterojunction Nanowire for Enhanced Photoelectrochemical Oxidation of Water,"
    Dong-Dong Qin, Cai-Hua He, Yang Li, Antonio C. Trammel, Jing Gu, Jing Chen, Yong Yan, Duo-Liang Shan, Qiu-Hong Wang, Jing-Jing Quan, Chun-Lan Tao, and Xiao-Quan Lu,,
    Chemsuschem 10, 2796-2804 (2017). (doi:10.1002/cssc.201700501.)
  18. "Multiple exciton generation for photoelectrochemical hydrogen evolution reactions with quantum yields exceeding 100%,"
    Yong Yan, Ryan W. Crisp, Jing Gu, Boris D. Chernomordik, Gregory F. Pach, Ashley R. Marshall, John A. Turner, and Matthew C. Beard,,
    Nature Energy 2 (2017). (doi:10.1038/nenergy.2017.52.)
  19. "Assembly of g-C3N4-based type II and Z-scheme heterojunction anodes with improved charge separation for photoelectrojunction water oxidation,"
    Cai-He Wang, Dong-Dong Qin, Duo-Liang Shan, Jing Gu, Yong Yan, Jing Chen, Qiu-Hong Wang, Cai-Hua He, Yang Li, Jing-Jing Quan, and Xiao-Quan Lu,,
    Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 19, 4507-4515 (2017). (doi:10.1039/c6cp08066a.)
  20. "A graded catalytic-protective layer for an efficient and stable water-splitting photocathode,"
    Jing Gu, Jeffery A. Aguiar, Suzanne Ferrere, K. Xerxes Steirer, Yong Yan, Chuanxiao Xiao, James L. Young, Mowafak Al-Jassim, Nathan R. Neale, and John A. Turner,,
    Nature Energy 2, 16192 (2017). (doi:10.1038/nenergy.2016.192.)
  21. "PH3-Treated TiO2 Nanorods with Dual-Doping Effect for Photoelectrochemical Oxidation of Water,"
    Dong-Dong Qin, Xue-Huai Wang, Yang Li, Jing Gu, Xing-Ming Ning, Jing Chen, Xiao-Quan Lu, and Chun-Lan Tao,,
    Journal of Physical Chemistry C 120, 22195-22201 (2016). (doi:10.1021/acs.jpcc.6b06903.)